Special Topics

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

CAD is the narrowing or obstruction of the arteries of the heart causing a decrease in blood flow. This decrease leads to a diminished ability of the heart to pump blood and oxygen to the rest of the body. For more detail visit www.MayoClinic.com or www.AmericanHeart.org.

A home health nurse can provide:

  • Assessment: Cardiovascular status, patient history, functional status, learning abilities, nutritional status, environmental safety, interdisciplinary needs, psychosocial needs, lab values, pulmonary status, gastrointestinal status and fluid/electrolyte status.
  • Intervention: Lab tests, oxygen and saturation levels via pulse oximeter.
  • Patient Education: Rights and responsibilities, home safety and access to emergency care, CAD process and complications, community resource availability, diet, medications, energy conservation, pulse monitoring, oxygen use and safety.

Congestive Heart Failure

CHF is a condition in which the heart is unable to pump sufficient blood to meet the body’s oxygen and nutritional needs. The result is congestion in the lungs or tissue in the extremities. For more detail visit www.MayoClinic.com or www.AmericanHeart.org.

A home health nurse can provide:

  • Assessment: Cardiovascular status, patient history, functional status, learning abilities, skin integrity, environmental safety, interdisciplinary needs, cardiovascular status, pulmonary status, renal/urinary status, lab values, gastrointestinal status, fluid and electrolyte status and prevention of acute hospitalization.
  • Intervention: Lab tests, oxygen saturation levels via pulse oximeter, assistance with coughing and deep breathing exercises.
  • Patient Education: Patient rights/responsibilities, medications, blood pressure/pulse monitoring, disease process, community resource availability, low sodium diet and energy conservation.

Asthma

Asthma is a disease that affects your lungs. It causes repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and nighttime or early morning coughing. Asthma can be controlled by taking medicine and avoiding the triggers that can cause the attack. For more detail visit www.cdc.gov/asthma or www.lungUSA.org.


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